This section is to help you to develop an awareness and understanding about a range of rights – from food to education to information and in the process help you achieve your rights effectively.
These are the six Fundamental Rights recognised by the Indian Constitution-
Right to Equality
- Article 14 :- Equality before law and equal protection of law.
- Article 15 :- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
- Article 16 :- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17 :- End of untouchability.
- Article 18 :- Abolition of titles, Military and academic distinctions are, however, exempted.
Right to Freedom
- Article 19 :- It guarantees the citizens of India the following six fundamentals freedoms:-
- Freedom of Speech and Expression.
- Freedom of Assembly.
- Freedom of form Associations.
- Freedom of Movement.
- Freedom of Residence and Settlement.
- Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade and Bussiness.
- Article 20 :- Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
- Article 21 :- Protection of life and personal liberty.
- Article 22 :- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right Against Exploitation
- Article 23 :- Traffic in human beings prohibited.
- Article 24 :- No child below the age of 14 can be employed.
Right to freedom of Religion
- Article 25 :- Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
- Article 26 :- Freedom to manage religious affairs.
- Article 27 :- Prohibits taxes on religious grounds.
- Article 28 :- Freedom as to attendance at religious ceremonies in certain educational institutions.
Cultural and Educational Rights
- Article 29 :- Protection of interests of minorities.
- Article 30 :- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
- Article 31 :- Omitted by the 44th Amendment Act.
Right to Constitutional Remedies
- Article 32 :- The right to move the Supreme Court in case of their violation (called Soul and heart of the Constitution by BR Ambedkar).
- Forms of Writ check.
- Habeas Corpus: – Equality before law and equal protection of law.